Advisory Services

Hospital Pharmacy

Ambulatory Patients

Patients who are not bedridden, able to walk about.


A substance, or a remedy, that counteracts the effect of a homeopathic remedy. Mint is said to be an antidote of Natrum muriaticum. Many feel that coffee antidotes homeopathic remedies.


A substance that neutralizes or counteracts the harmful effects of a poison or drug.


The disposition a worker adopts toward his or her job duties, customers, employers, and coworkers.

Body mass index (BMI)

A guide to use in determining whether to initiate pharmacologic treatment for obesity; calculated by dividing the patient's weight (in kilograms) by the patient's height (in meters) squared (kg/m2) or in gm/cm2 or pounds/inch2.

Central Sterile Supply Room:

The sterile supply room is a unit dealing with the finishing of professional sterile supplies to special departments.


The process of preparing, checking, and delivering prescribed medication and associated information under pharmacist supervision.


An art of filling the prescriptions.


Removal of a small amount of dose from a large container and transferring it to small container for the purpose of unit dose dispensing.

Drug Information Center:

It is a division of pharmacy department staffed by hospital pharmacist(s) for provision of accurate, timely, unbiased, authentic information on any aspect of drugs.

Extemporaneous compounding:

The production of medication in an appropriate quantity and dose form from several pharmaceutical ingredients in response to a prescription written by a physician.


An institution operating under the supervision of a licensed physician primarily for the care and treatment of injured and sick persons confined as inpatients, having organized facilities on the premises for diagnosis, major surgery and 24 hour-a-day nursing services but not primarily a place.


An institution that is legally licensed as a medical or surgical hospital, in the country in which it is located. Illnesses/diseases of acute nature, as well as emergencies, can be treated in this facility. It must be under the constant supervision of a resident physician.


Hospital is defined as an organization, clinic, medical center, medial college or university, infirmary, surgery center, or any other institution, association, or foundation that provides medical, surgical, or psychiatric care and treatment for the sick or the injured.

Hospital Pharmacy:

Hospital Pharmacy is defined as a department or service within the hospital under the direction of professionally competent and legally qualified pharmacist where all the medicines and related supplies are stocked, dispensed on prescription to  in- and out patients, supplied to the nursing units, manufactured in bulk, and injectables are prepared and sterilized.

Hospital Formulary:

It is a continually revised list of drug products, along with ancillary information recommended or approved for use in an institution.


It is an itemized list of goods with their estimated worth or cost.

Investigational Use Drug:

The investigational use drug is a pharmaceutical entity that is not permitted by health authorities for its general distribution and use.

Medication Errors:

It is simply the deviation of medication dose from a physician’s order or prescription.


A medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the health care professional, patient, or consumer. Such events may be related to professional practice, health care products, procedures, and systems, including prescribing; order communication; product labeling, packaging, and nomenclature; compounding; dispensing; distribution; administration; education; monitoring; and use(WHO).


One who is licensed to prepare and dispense medications, counsel patients, and monitor outcomes pursuant to a prescription from a licensed health professional.

Poison Control Center:

It is either be a part of drug information center or works independently. When under drug information centre, it is staffed with a competent pharmacist and confined only to the information to all aspects of poisoning and drug abuse prevention. When works independently, it may be under the supervision of competent physician and provides treatment to victims.

Pharmacy and Therapeutic Committee:

It is an advisory group of medical staff and serves as an organizational line of communication between medical staff and pharmacy department. It is composed of physicians, pharmacists and other health care professionals selected with the guidance of medical staff.

Unit Dose Dispensing:

UDD system for medication supply is a pharmacy co-ordinated method and controlling medication, under which, medications are ordered , packaged, handled, administered and charged in multiples of single dose units containing a predetermined amount of drug sufficient for one regular dose.


The ordering of products for use or sale by the pharmacy.

Purchasing and Inventory control:

It specifies the obtaining, managing and maintaining of drugs and medical supplies in a pharmacy.

Turnover rate:

The number of times the amount of goods in inventory is sold during a year; calculated by dividing total annual purchases of inventory by the average inventory value.

FEFO (First Expiry/First Out principle concept):

A distribution procedure that ensures the stock within the earliest expiry date is distributed and/or used before an identical stock item with a later expiry date is distributed and/or used.

FIFO (First In/First Out Principle Concept):

A distribution procedure that ensures that the oldest stock is distributed and/or used before a newer and identical stock item is distributed and/or used.

Inventory control:

The function of supply management that aims to provide sufficient stocks of medicine at the lowest costs possible.

Standard treatment guidelines:

Agreed-upon treatment practices for a diagnosed-illness; may include more than details of drug treatment.

VEN system:

A system of setting priorities for purchasing drugs and keeping stock, in which drugs are divided according to their health impact into vital, essential, and non-essential categories.