|Department of Animal Sciences|
Pakistan is basically an agricultural country and majority of its population is dependent on agriculture. Our country is rich in animal genetic potential and with a diversified livestock population. Genetic diversity ensures that different species and breeds are able to adapt to extreme conditions of drought, humidity, cold, and heat, making it possible for humans to obtain livelihoods in inhospitable and harsh areas. Animals provide meat, milk, eggs, fibre, clothes, resources for shelter, manure for fertilizer and fuel, draught power, etc. Agriculture is the backbone of the country’s economy and is central to the socioeconomic development of Pakistan. Nearly 62 percent of the country’s population resides in rural areas, and is directly or indirectly linked with agriculture and livestock for their livelihood. Rural population depends on agriculture as a major source of their income. Agriculture sector contributes over 21% to GDP and employs 45% of the total work force of the country. Livestock sector has emerged as a leading sub-sector of the agriculture sector in Pakistan. It contributed over 11 per cent to the GDP during 2009-10 which is more than the aggregated contribution of entire crop sector (10.3 percent) of the country. The performance of Livestock – the single largest contributor to overall agriculture (53.2 percent) however, grew by 4.1 percent in 2009-10 as against 3.5 percent last year. Livestock production is one of the major activities as about 30-35 million people of rural areas are engaged in raising livestock and deriving 30-40 per cent of their incomes. It is an integral part of socio-economic activities of the rural areas and plays a very supportive role in mitigating the effects of poverty by providing essential items of daily use.
The main livestock species include cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, camels, horses, asses and mules. The estimated human population is 172 million, with an annual growth rate of 2.2%. In order to cater the needs of the growing population, there is a need to increase the production level per animal rather to increase the number of animals. Improvement of livestock productivity per unit animal remains the primary concern of research and development efforts.
Keeping in view the importance of livestock and their products for human consumption Department of Animal Scienes is established at CVAS, Jhang.This department offers courses on breeding and genetics, livestock production / management, Animal nutrition and poultry production at undergraduate (D.V.M.).