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Faculty of Veterinary Science

 
 
Department of Epidemiology & Public Health

Introduction

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health was established in year 2002, however, the postgraduate degree programs were initiated in year 2006. Up till now, more than 100 students have enrolled in the post-graduate degree programs. The senior faculty of the department holds doctorate degrees. The department also has recruited young faculty members who are encouraged to improve their qualification. Some of the young faculty members have proceeded abroad for higher studies in well renowned institutions in technologically advanced countries. The strengthening of the infrastructure and research laboratories of the department is in progress.

Mission

The mission of department of Epidemiology and Public Health is to improve the health of animals and human through education and training of epidemiologist and by enhancing the multidiscipline research related to prevention and control of disease of major public health concern.

Goals of epidemiology

  • To provide high quality education in the field of epidemiology and public health to train and produce top level epidemiologist
  • To initiate high quality research in the field of epidemiology
  • To use applied epidemiological methods to investigate potential factors of diseases
  • To disseminate quality research outcomes and valuable information about control and prevention to concern quarters for the formulation of public health policy and disease control strategies.

Research Priorities

  • Epidemiology of infectious and non-infectious diseases of Public Health and Veterinary Public Health importance
  • Epidemic investigations, Surveillance and Monitoring of diseases of livestock and humans
  • Food hygiene, quality control and residual testing in food of animal origin

Faculty Development

  • Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry was sent to UK on study leave for PhD studies under HEC overseas scholarship scheme (10%) from University of Edinburgh, UK in epidemiology. She completed her PhD in 2012 and joined the department.
  • Mr. Abdul Rehman is on study leave under HEC overseas scholarship scheme (90%) and doing his PhD from Germany
  • Mrs. Shakera Sadiq is on study leave for her PhD studies under HEC indigenous scholarship scheme and doing her PhD from UVAS.

Staff Position

Associate Professor / Chairman (Tenured) 

Professor

  1. Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Assistant Professors

  1. Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry
  2. Dr. Abdul Rehman

Lecturers

  1. Ms. Shakera Sadiq Gill (Study Leave for PhD)
  2. Dr. Ubaid-ur-Rehman Zia

 

HEC Approved Supervisors

  1. Prof. Dr. Mansoor ud Din Ahmad
  2. Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry
  3. Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

  Facilities

  • Hi-Tech Laboratory for the diagnosis of Bacteria, virus and parasites
  • Facilities include PCR, Culturing of microorganism, Serology, tissue culture etc.
 
     

Principal Equipment

  • Ion Analyzer
  • Biohazard safety cabinet class-I
  • Biohazard safety cabinet class-II
  • Milk analyzer
  • Electronic Balance
  • Water bath
  • Microscope with built in digital camera
  • Hot Air Oven (3)
  • Bench top centrifuge machine
  • Ultra centrifuge machine
  • Incubators (2)
  • Autoclaves
  • ELISA reader
  • PCR machine
  • Gel Electrophoresis apparatus
  • Freezer -80° C
  • Distillation plant

Areas of interest

The area of interest for M. Phil and PhD students for specialization are:

  • Clinical epidemiology
  • Infectious disease epidemiology
  • Epidemiological methods
  • Molecular epidemiology
  • Non-communicable disease epidemiology
  • Nutritional epidemiology
  • Experimental epidemiology
  • Zoonotic diseases

Research Projects

Completed

Sr.
No.

 

Title

Funding  Source and
Year

Status

Amount
(Million Rs)

1

Carrier status of Foot and Mouth Disease in Ruminants through Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction. (Dr. Hassan Mushtaq

Funded by Higher Education    Commission of Pakistan (2011)

Completed (PI)

Rs            0.5
Million

Ongoing

Sr.
No.

Nam of faculty member

 

Title

Funding  Source and
Year

Status

Amount
(Million Rs)

1

 

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din

Molecular
identification            of meatborne pathogens

Funded       by       Higher
Education    Commission of Pakistan (2013)

Ongoing

Rs           5.34
Million

2

Dr. Hassan Mushtaq

Preparation             and
application of multi- epitopes   DNA vaccines against Newcastle Disease

Funded by Higher
Education Commission of Pakistan (2014)

Ongoing
(Co-PI)

Rs           7.64
Million

 

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

Targeted surveillance of Avian Influenza in high risk groups of avian and human population

Pak-US S&T corporation program (2015)

Ongoing

42.5 million (Rs)

Submitted

Sr.
No.

Nam of faculty member

 

Title

Funding  Source and Year

Status

Amount
(Million Rs)

1

 

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

 

 

 

 

2

Dr. Hassan Mushtaq

  1. Epidemiological investigation of Norwalk virus

  2. Molecular Epidemiology of Equine Influenza in Punjab, Pakistan

  3. Assessment of Bovine and Zoonotic Tuberculosis for Devising Control Strategies

  4. Molecular Epidemiology and Pathobiology of Listeria monocytogenes: A public health prospective

Submitted to HEC under NRPU

 

PARB

 

PSF

 

 

 

Wellcome Trust. UK

Submitted

 

Submitted

 

Review completed

 

 

 

To be submitted

Rs  5.85 Million

 

Rs 9.533 Million

 

Rs 2.09 Million

 

 

 

Rs. 4.018 Million

3

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

  1. Controlling Foot-and-mouth Disease in Pakistan through enhanced and active surveillance activities

  2. Epidemiological (Targeted and High Risk) surveillance of Avian Influenza Virus in Pakistan

  3. Understanding epidemiology of influenza in high risk human population in Pakistan

  4. Active Surveillance of Avian Influenza Subtype H9N2 and Newcastle Disease in Backyard Poultry flocks of Punjab, Pakistan.

Pak-US S & T Coop Program  (2013)

 

 

 

ALP (2014)

 

 

 

 

 

HEC, (2014)

 

 

 

 

Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, USA

Review completed  

 

 

 

Review completed

 

 

 

 

Review completed

 

 

 

Under Review

50 million

 

 

 

 

30 million

 

 

 

 

10 million

 

 

 

10 million

 

Consultancy/Advisory Services

Department of Epidemiology and Public Health offers innovative research and consulting in the field of epidemiology and public health, scientifically based on epidemiologic principles. We provide consulting on infectious diseases and outbreaks investigation, epidemiology, research design, and data analysis.  We could offer consulting services to government departments, health organizations, livestock industry, and students.  Our areas of expertise include:

  • Research design and analysis
  • Project design and analysis
  • Risk factor analysis, causation and risk assessment
  • Disease mapping and analysis
  • Development of epidemiology applications for health departments
  • Expert opinion services
  • Thesis and dissertation consulting
  • Presentations / Lectures

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

  • Epidemiological study design, coordination, and management
  • Sample size calculation for population survey and other epidemiological study design
  • Biostatistical analysis assistance
  • Surveillance system design
  • Outbreak investigations
  • Expert panel meetings
  • Analysis of large data sources, electronic records, and population-based health data
  • Mapping and spatial analysis of disease transmission
  • Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of Pathogens
  • Project design and conduct

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

  • Implementation of HACCP Plan for meat and milk related food processing.
  • Epidemiological study designs for risk identification and analysis
  • Molecular Characterization and Phylogenetic Analysis of pathogens to determine evolutionary pathways
  • Designing and planning Biosecurity for disease prevention at commercial farms
  • Consultancy services for Livestock management during Natural Disasters

Analytical Services

  1. Mastitis Screening at farm level
    1. California Mastitis Test
    2. Surf Field Test
    3. White Side Test
    4. Sodium Lauryl Sulphate Test
    5. Chloride Test
    6. Bromocresol Purple Test
    7. Hotis Test
  2. Brucella Screening in milk and serum
    1. Milk Ring test
    2. Rose Bengal Plate Agglutination Test
  3. Adulteration tests for milk
    1. Sugar adulteration
    2. Starch Adulteration
    3. Urea Adulteration
    4. Salts Adulteration
    5. Water Adulteration
    6. Formalin Adulteration
    7. Neutralizers Adulteration
    8. Boric Acid Adulteration
    9. Skimmed Milk Powder Adulteration
    10. Glucose Adulteration
    11. Hydrogen per-oxide Adulteration
    12. Detergents Adulteration
    13. Detection of Buffalo Milk in Cow milk
  4. Isolation and Identification of Zoonotic Pathogens in Meat and Meat by-products
    1. Salmonella
    2. E. coli
    3. Campylobacter
    4. Listeria
    5. Culture Sensitivity
    6. Coliform Count
    7. Total Viable Count
  5. Isolation and Identification of Zoonotic pathogens in Milk and Milk by-products
    1. Salmonella
    2. E. coli
    3. Culture Sensitivity
    4. Coliform Count
    5. Total Viable Count
  6. Serological Testing
    1. ELISA
    2. HA/HI
    3. Virus Isolation
  7. Molecular Detection
    1. PCR detection of Salmonella
    2. PCR detection of E. coli
    3. PCR detection of Campylobacter
    4. PCR detection of Mycobacterium bovis in milk

MPhil and PhD Scholars

Completed

M.Phil (Pass out)

Sr. #

Student Name

Supervisor Name

Title of Thesis

Year

1

M. Shahzad Ashraf

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Socio-Demographical and Epidemiological Risk Factors Associated with the Diseases of Senior Citizens of Jhelum City.

2011

2

Maria Ikram

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Descriptive and Therapeutic Trial of Iron Supplements (Standard Drug and Herbal) in Anemic Pregnant Women

2011

3

Tamsela Naseem

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Descriptive Epidemiological Study of Cancer Patients Registered at Mayo Hospital, Lahore

2011

4

Abdul Rehman

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Clinico-Epidemiological Features of Dengue Fever in and Around Lahore

2012

5

Arslan Maqbool

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Socio-Demographic Rick Factors of Dengue Fever in Infected Patients Visiting Tertiary Care Center in Lahore

2012

6

M. Mushtaq

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiology and identification of risk factors among patients of myocardial infarction (MI), in the Punjab institute of cardiology (PIC) Lahore

2011

7

Bilal Munir Ahmad

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiological study of Hepatitis viral infection and its association with socioeconomic & other risk factors.

2011

8

Farman Ali

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiology of Foot and Mouth Diseases and Peste-des-petitis ruminants as transboundry disease in nomadic herds

2011

9

Atta Ullah

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

A case control study to determine the risk factors of Tuberculosis in dairy animals in Peshawar city and its suburbs.

2013

10

M. Imran

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Community trials of hemorrhagic Septicemia vaccines in district Mardan, KPK.

2013

11

Khushal Khan Kasi

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiology, clinical profile and risk factor associated with Congo-fever in Quetta Baluchistan

2012

12

Asim Raza

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Magnitude and Ranking of Psychiatric disorders of patients admitted in a private mental health care center at Lahore.

 

13

Rubab Maqsood

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiological Investigation about the risk factors associated with Newcastle disease outbreaks during period of 2011-2012 in commercial broilers in Lahore

2013

14

Abdul Moeed

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Association of Antimicrobial Resistant Campylobacter with Poultry Meat at Retailer Shops in Lahore Through Cross-Sectional Study

2013

15

Kinza Shabbir

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Case control study for the quantification of risk factors associated with infected catheter patients

2014

16

Qurrat-ul-Ain

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Molecular Characterization of Cacna 1H Gene to Fine out Association of Polymorhism in Childhood Absence Epileptic Patients of Pakistan

2012

17

M.  Adnan Islam Baig

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Seroprevalence of brucella canis in dogs in district Lahore

2014

18

H. M. Umer Sulehria

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Descriptive Epidemiology of Canine Parvovirus Disease in Dogs at Pet enter UVAS in Lahore and Interventional Trial through Inoculation of Two Hyper Immune sera

2013

19

Shakera Sadiq Gill

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Clinico-epidemiological Study of Toxocariasis in Pet Cats in Lahore

2012

20

Muhammad Nisar

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Clinico-epidemiology of Shigellosis in Children Suffering from Diarrhea in District Lahore

2012

21

Haider Noor

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Detection of Carrier and Subclinical Infection of Babesia ovis Trough PCR at Government Farms of Punjab

2012

22

Kanwal Hafeez

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Prevalence of Antibiotic Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Milk, Milk by- Products and Food Handler at Retail Shops in Lahore

2012

23

Sadia Ashraf

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Mothers Towards Infant Care and Feeding

2012

24

M. Usman

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Carrier Status of Foot and Mouth Disease in Ruminants Through Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction

2013

25

Shamsa-ur-Rehman

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in Goats and their Attendants in Dort Minro (D.G.Khan), Punjab (Pakistan)

2013

26

M. Sohail

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Risk Factors Associated with Calf Mortality in Dairy Farms in Peri-Urban Area of Lahore

 

27

Shumaila Abdul Sattar

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Retrospective Study of Fatal Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Lahore City

2015

28

Abdul Wahab Khan

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Epidemiology of Brucellosis in Sheep and Goat in District Quetta, Baluchistan

2012

29

M. Sajid

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Sero and Viro Surveillance of Influenza Virus Serotypes Circulating in Equine Species

2011

30

Muhammad Idress

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Epidemiological Investigation, Risk Factors Analysis of Brucellosis in Ruminants and Livestock Farmers

 

31

Samiullah Khan

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Studies on Risk Factors Associated with Transmission of Escherichia Coli O157: H7 in Abattoir Environment

2013

32

Amjad Iqbal

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Phenotypic Characterization of Two Indigenous Chicken Ecotypes of Pakistan

2013

33

Abdul Sattar

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Study of socio-Demographic and Epidemiological Risk Factors Associated with Foot and Mouth Disease in District Chagai Baluchistan

2012

34

Tariq Azam Mayo

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Epidemiological study of major health problems in nomadic herds of camel in District Bhawalanagar (Punjab)

2013

35

Ayesha Saeed

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Assessment of knowledge attitude and practices levels about osteoporosis among female students of University of Veterinary And Animal Sciences

2013

36

Farwa Amjad

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Comparative impact of dairy farming on health status of farm workers and non farmers of Lahore

2013

37

M. Usman Zaheer

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Geographical Distribution of Dengue Fever Infected Patients and Its Related Risk Factors in and Around Lahore.

2012

38

Furqan Awan

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Study of risk factors associated with canine transmissible venereal tumor

2014

39

M. Usman Basharat

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Molecular epidemiological analysis of PB1-F2 protein of influenza a virus reported from Pakistan

2014

40

Samiullah

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in District Muzaffargarh Punjab

 

41

Mesam Abbas

Dr. M. Hassan Mushtaq

Epidemiological Investigation of Dengue Virus Maintenance Host in Lahore

2012

42

M. Moeen Athar

Dr. M. Hassan Mustaq

Assessment of knowledge attitudes and practices level about meat and milk-borne diseases in medical students of different universities in Lahore

2014

43

Abdul Wajid

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Epidemiological outbreak investigation of FMD in District Bihsud and Sarkhorod, Nangarhar, Afghanistan

2015

44

Munibullah

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Incidence of animal bite injuries in three tehsil headquarter hospitals of district swat

2014

45

Behzad Kayani

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Epidemiological study of zoonotic Leishmaniasis in humans and dogs in district Jhelum

2014

46

M. Fahed

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Evaluation of vaccine effectiveness of foot and mouth disease in district Dera Ghazi Khan

2014

47

Adnan Altaf

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Active surveillance of wild birds for avian influenza in the wetlands of Azad Jammu & Kashmir

2014

48

Attia Noreen

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

A cohort study of surgical site infections (as nosocomial infections) in animal and human side

2014

49

Saeed Ahmad

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Outbreak investigation of dengue fever in district Swat, Khyberpakhtunkhwa

2014

50

Maqbool Ahmad

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Prospective study to assess risk factors responsible for the spread of avian influenza H9N2 in commercial poultry farms in Pakistan

2014

51

M. Sohail

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Epidemiological investigation of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in reported cases and its associated risk factors

2014

52

Prince Naeem

Dr. Mamoona Ch.

Incidence spatial distribution and associated topographic risk factors of Malaria in Lahore and Rawalpindi

2014

53

Ubaid ur Rehman Zia

Dr. Shakera Sadiq

Isolation and molecular identification of salmonella species in various meat types in district Faisalabad

2014

54

Noor-ul-Ain

Dr. Shakera Sadiq

Clinico-epidemiology of giardiasis in children and their association with pet dogs

2014

55

Toraiz Ahmad

Dr. Shakera Sadiq

Comprehensive retrospective study of Dog bites in Lahore

2014

PhD (Pass out)

Sr. #

Student Name

Supervisor Name

Title of Thesis

Year

1.

Altaf Mahmood

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiological, Hematological and Biochemical Risk Factors of Parturient Haemoglobinuria in Buffaloes

2011

2.

Abdul Majeed Akhtar

Prof. Dr. M. Athar Khan

Epidemiological and Molecular Profile of Hepatitis-C Viral Infection Among Different Groups of Population in and Around Lahore, Pakistan

2012

3.

M. Kamran

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

Immunobiological and molecular characterization of Pasteurella multocida from Buffaloes

2012

 

 

 

 

Currently enrolled

MPhil

Sr. #

Students Name

Supervisor Name

1

Warda Gill

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

2

Shazia Muneer

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

3

Saher Yousaf

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

4

M. Shahjahan Zafar

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

5

Muhammad Raashed

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

6

Abida Zahoor

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

7

M. Umer Ijaz

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

8

Aman Raiz

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

9

Karamat Ali

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

10

Tahir Khan

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

11

Najam Ul Sabah

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

12

Ali Naeem

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

13

Muhammad Islam

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

14

Fatima Majeed

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

15

Kashif Saddiq

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

16

Rabia Saleem

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

17

Waqas Shabbir

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

18

Syeda Anum

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

19

M. Nauman Akhter 

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

20

Marriyam Sardar

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

21

Zahar Aziz Butt

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

22

Gul Naz Namat

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

23

Ayesha Mukhtar

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

24

Gurdeep Singh

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

25

Shumaila Iqbal

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

26

Aneela Ilyas

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

27

Muhammad Abid

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

28

Ambreen Shahzadi

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

29

Shumila Yousaf

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

30

Shamsa Rafique

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

31

Muhammad Saeed

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

32

Shahzad Khan

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

33

Faisal Sher

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

PhD

Sr.no

Students Name

Supervisor Name

1

Rizwana Muzaffar

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Athar Khan

2

Zahida Fatima

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Athar Khan

3

Muhammad Hassan Raza

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

4

Muhammad Nisar

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

5

Shakera Sadiq

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

6

Zarfishan Tahir

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

7

Abid Hussain

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

8

M. Hassan Raza

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

9

Khushal Khan Kasi

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

10

Saima Hassan

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

11

Muhammad Sajid

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

12

Dr. Masood Akhtar Sheikh

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

13

Amjad Khan

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

14

Bilal Munir Ahmad

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

15

Irfan Khattak (M.Phil leading to Ph.D)

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

HEC Indigenous Scholarship Holders

Sr.#

Students Name

Supervisor Name

 

1

Altaf Mahmood

Prof. Dr. Athar Khan

HEC Scholar

2

Zahida Fatima

Prof. Dr. Athar Khan

HEC Scholar

3

Muhammad Nisar (Ph.D)

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

HEC Scholar

4

Shakera Sadiq (Ph.D)

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

HEC Scholar

5

Abid Hussain (Ph.D)

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

HEC Scholar

6

Khushal Khan Kasi (Ph.D)

Dr. Mamoona Chaudhry

HEC Scholar

7

Irfan Khattak
(M.Phil leading to Ph.D)

Dr. Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq

HEC Scholar

8

M. Rasheed (M.Phil)

Prof. Dr. Mansur-ud-Din Ahmad

HEC Scholar

 
 
Department of Epidemiology & Public Health